Difference between Plant Cell and Animal Cell

What is a cell?

What is the Difference between Plant cells and animal cells? The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life. It is of two types depending upon the presence or absence of a nucleus. It may be a prokaryotic cell that has no well-defined nucleus inside it. The other is a eukaryotic cell with a well-defined nucleus inside it. All the life activities can be studied at the cell level. We can study life activities by studying the cell and cell organelles. What is the Difference between Plant cells and animal cells?

Difference between Plant Cell and Animal Cell
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How we can study cells?

There are three different ways to study a cell such as given below

  • By using microscope
  • By using a hand lens
  • Cell fractionation technique

We are going to study the cell and cell organelles in the Cell fractionation technique. (What is the Difference between Plant cells and Animal cells?)

How to study the cell and cell organelles
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Cell fractionation technique

In the process of rupturing the cell, and separation of components of the cell is an isotonic solution with the help of centrifugation.

Steps:

Extraction of tissues

In order to maintain all the basic functions of a cell, we have to extract the cell or tissues I’m a mild condition which is also called a cell-free system. (What is the Difference between Plant cells and Animal cells?)

  • Contain solution
  • Salts
  • Proper pH
  • Isotonic solution (sucrose 0.25mol/L)
  • 0-40 degree centigrade temperature

Homogenization of tissues

  • Keep in mind that the cells must be
  • Ice cold to prevent enzymes Activity
  • pH Buffer to prevent damage to organelles
  • Homogenized tissues or cells
  • Weight/density, separation
  • It is done by grinding, high pressure ( nitrogen bomb), and osmotic Lysis

Centrifugation

The basic aim is to separate the cell organelles at

  • Low-speed centrifuge
  • High-speed centrifuge
  • Ultra speed centrifuge
Cell fractionation technique
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Multiple Choice Question / Self Practice

1 It is used to study the internal structures of the cell

SEM

TEM

Compound microscope

Electron microscope

2 It is used to study the non-living entity

Compound microscope

Electrical microscope

Electron microscope

None

3 The basic components of a cell are

1

2

3

4

4 Size, weight, and density of the medium help in the separation of cellular parts into

Layers

Centrifuge

Ultracentrifuge

Separation

5 Cellular components are separated by

Density

Size and weight

Centrifugation

Ultracentrifugation

6 In the cell fractionation technique, the cells are extracted in a solution

Isotonic

Hypotonic

Hypertonic

All

7 The Cellular actively of a cell is controlled by

pH buffer

Ice cold

Hypotonic

Hypertonic

 

8 The cells are homogenized by high pressure using

Grinding

Nitrogen bomb

Osmotic Lysis

None

9 In the cell fractionation technique, the lighter particles are present at

Sediment

Supernatant

Middle

Everywhere (Mixed in solution)

10 It is used to prevent damage to organelles

Ice cold

pH

Hypotonic solution

Hypertonic solution

Difference between Plant Cell and Animal Cell

What is the Difference between Plant cells and animal cells? Before going into detail about the question, we must know how to define a cell and the basic components of the cell. The cell can be defined as the basic structural and functional unit of life. There are many differences between plant and animal cells. There are some structural and functional differences between plant and animal cells. We are going to describe some differences between plant and animal cells. First, we will talk about the plant’s cells in detail. The features of a typical plant cell are given below for your assistance

Difference between Plant Cell and Animal Cell online
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CHARACTERS OF A PLANT CELL

  • It is large in size ranging from 10-to 100 micrometers
  • It is rectangular or cube-shaped
  • It has a cell wall
  • It has chloroplast
  • It is how no lysosomes
  • It has glyoxysome
  • It has starch as a reserve food material
  • It spindles fibers as an astral ( without asters)
  • It can synthesize all amino acids, enzymes, and coenzyme
  • There are net neutral effects in a hypotonic and hypertonic solution
  • Most plant cells can differentiate
  • It can increase in size by increasing its volume
  • Cilia are absent in plant cell
  • Cytokinesis takes place by cell plate formation
  • Cytokinesis takes place by the formation of phragmoplast
  • It cannot change its shape
  • The nucleus is present in the peripheral region of the cell
  • It is nonmotile
  • Genetic material is different
  • mRNAs are different
  • Enzymes and proteins are different
  • It is autotrophic
  • It can use CO2 and release O2
  • No, or very basic sense (picture plants, Venus flytrap, etc)
  • It has a nonrestricted growth pattern
  • Vapor, gum, and sap ate the waste product
  • Slow and long-lasting response toward the stimulus

There are some structural and functional differences between plant and animal cells. We are going to describe some differences between plant and animal cells. Secondly, we will talk about the animal cell in detail. The features of a typical animal cell are given below for your assistance

CHARACTERS OF AN ANIMAL CELL

  • It is small in size ranging from 10-to 30 micrometer
  • It is round or irregular shaped
  • It has no cell wall
  • It has no chloroplast
  • It how lysosomes
  • It has no glyoxysome
  • It has glycogen as a reserve food material
  • It spindles fibers as amphiastral ( asters)
  • It cannot synthesize all amino acids, enzymes, and coenzyme
  • There are effects in hypotonic and hypertonic solutions like bursting and shrinking respectively.
  • Only stems cells can differentiate
  • It can increase in size by increasing its number
  • Cilia are in plant cell
  • Cytokinesis takes place by dividing furrow formation
  • Cytokinesis takes place by the formation of centriole furrow
  • It can change its shape
  • The nucleus is present in the central region of the cell
  • It is motile
  • Genetic material is different
  • mRNAs are different
  • Enzymes and proteins are different
  • It is heterotrophic
  • It can use O2 and release CO2
  • Have strong sensation
  • It has restricted growth pattern
  • Ammonia, urea, and uric acid are the waste product
  • Fast/Slow and short-lived/long-lasting response toward the stimulus

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  • Give any 5, 10, 15, 20, or 30 differences between plant and animal cells.
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